Monday, November 10, 2008
In April 2008 The Liberty Science Center, a 295,000 square foot educational science center for the general public, installed Noveda Technologies SunFlow Monitor™ and EnergyFlow Monitor™ to optimize the facility's newly installed solar photo voltaic system.
SunFlow Monitor™ records and displays in real-time all electrical energy coming into the building from the grid, electrical energy going out from the building to the grid, electrical energy consumed by the building, and electrical energy produced by the solar photo-voltaic system.
After the first night in use, SunFlow Monitor™ data showed that the facility was consuming three times more energy during the night than originally estimated. Between the hours of 10:00 pm and 6:00 am The Liberty Science Center was consuming unnecessary electricity to run the air conditioning, lighting and other energy intensive systems of the building.
Because of the instant feedback, facility operations staff at Liberty Science Center discovered that the air handling units were running in occupied mode during the night, bringing hot, humid air into the building. By readjusting the night settings, daily electrical consumption was reduced by approximately 11.5%. It was estimated that this problem was occurring for the past year, costing an average of $5,800 per month or nearly $70,000 per year! In terms of the environmental impact, the energy savings resulted in daily reductions of 1.24 metric tons of CO2 greenhouse gases. Noveda's technology offered a three month payback on their investment.
Overall, installation of the SunFlow Monitor™ resulted in an immediate daily electrical savings of 11.6% and a significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.
For more information about this project and other Noveda projects please visit www.noveda.com
For more information about Liberty Science Center please visit www.lsc.org
Saturday, October 25, 2008
The 31 Tannery Project, located in Branchburg, N.J., serves as the corporate headquarters for Ferreira Construction, the Ferreira Group, and Noveda Technologies. The building includes nine miles of radiant heat (80 zones), high performance rooftop units, a 96% efficient condensing boiler plant, 223 kW dc solar photovoltaic system, solar domestic hot water, integrated Web based direct digital controls system and pervasive voice/data/video system with kiosk displays.
During construction, monitoring for the two-story building’s renewable energy systems, conventional energy systems and high-efficiency systems was installed along with standard building controls. This allowed the building team to learn from operations and interactions of the systems, a critical component of commissioning. System integration and interactivity, employee awareness, dedication and feedback, and visualization and commissioning displays contributed to the sustained level of performance.
How did a company that builds roads and bridges achieve a net zero building? Ferreira’s Director of Engineering, Edward Brzezowski, P.E., Member ASHRAE, developed the project, drawing on their experience in building design, sustainability, construction management, commissioning and renewable energy. Using standard construction materials and readily available resources, the team applied three approaches to maximize results and return on investment: energy efficiency, renewable energy, and real-time monitoring and visualization of energy.
To explain the process and benefits of energy efficiency + renewable energy + monitoring and visualization, the Ferreira team uses a diet + exercise + personal trainer metaphor. Dieting or adding energy efficiency is a good start for an out-of-shape building.
Adding exercise or renewable energy increases results. However, having a personal trainer, or a monitoring and visualization solution, to watch the progress, track results, motivate by showing the progress, refocus efforts when slipping, say what to do next, and say if things are being done right provides the greatest results in the shortest period of time and allows for continuous improvement. All three components helped achieve the net zero electric building.
Attached to 31 Tannery’s standing seam metal roof are 1,276 solar photovoltaic panels. Being new construction, rooftop penetrations and systems, such as the rooftop unit (RTU) and shop ventilation system, were kept to the north side of the building to maximize performance of the rooftop solar photovoltaic array. The solar electric system produces on average 500 kWh per day in the winter and 1,300 kWh per day in the summer. On a cloudy or overcast day, the combined inverter output typically measures 30–40 kW ac. On a sunny day, design conditions of 200 kW ac have been reached.
The electric room includes the building’s main and distribution panels, two 100 kW ac 277/480V three phase solar inverters, and a transfer switch for a future 200 kW gas-fired emergency generator. Although solar panels generate electricity in dc (direct current) power, most building systems use ac (alternating current) power. Inverters connected to the rooftop solar panels convert the dc (kW dc) power from the solar panels to ac (kW ac) power. The inverters have a capacity of 223.3 kW dc and allow LAN-based communications. Custom software monitors, in real time, the energy use and flow in and out of the building.
Live Building Data
For more information about this project and other Noveda projects please visit www.noveda.com or wikipedia
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